Western sanctions prevent Russia to build power plants in Crimea and to ensure the independence of the Peninsula – Reuters
Russia’s plan for construction of two power plants in the Crimea may be disrupted due to Western sanctions. This writes Reuters, citing informed sources.
The Agency reminds that the existing stations project involves the installation of them gas turbines 160-187 megawatts produced by German company Siemens. However, deliveries will constitute a violation of the German company European sanctions imposed against Russia after the annexation of Crimea, which in Europe is called annexation.
In the Siemens intentions regarding the supply of turbines in the Crimea categorically deny.
In connection with impossibility to establish the Crimean power plants turbines of Siemens in Russia trying to find alternative solutions to the problem. In particular, we are considering the purchase of turbines from Iran, which does not support anti-Russian sanctions, said earlier the CEO of the Corporation “rostec” Sergey Chemezov.
– For energy independence of the Crimea will pay the Russians, who believe Western sanctions are helpful
– And Russia decided to establish “humanitarian” supplies electricity in Lugansk region is de-energized
– Gas Peninsula already provide from the Krasnodar region
There is also the idea of installing turbines of lower power (25 MW), said two sources Reuters familiar with the situation. Such turbines are produced by Russian UEC, part of rostec. Turbine more power, similar to Siemens ‘ products not produced in Russia.
The third option, announced this month by Minister of energy of Russia Alexander Novak, involves the use of turbines produced in the West, which was acquired by Russia before the sanctions and now lie in warehouses.
Interlocutors of the edition noted that each of the alternatives is not ideal and will lead to the emergence of new problems. For example, two sources in the Russian machine-building industry said that Iran does not have its own technology of production of high-power gas turbines, therefore, all such turbines will be either manufactured by the Iranians under the license of one of the global engineering firms, or will also be taken from the warehouses where were stored after purchase from foreign manufacturers. It is not excluded that the foreign companies will act against the supply of their products in the Crimea due to the risk of sanctions.
Thus, the issue of turbines remains unsolved. Meanwhile, the Kremlin expects that the plant partly will come into force in September 2017. Full enter stations in operation planned by March 2018 – the anniversary of the annexation of Crimea. In the same month, Russia must pass the presidential election. It is expected that Vladimir Putin will run for another term (officially, this has not yet been announced).
“Deadlines will be shifted, it is absolutely accurate,” said one of the sources Reuters. In responsible for the construction of power plants of the company “Tekhnopromexport” (controlled by the state Corporation “rostec”, both are under U.S. sanctions) have confirmed that a completion schedule is likely to be frustrated, but refused to link it with the problem of the search turbines.
The likely delay caused by the decision to change some technical aspects of the project to make it more efficient and environmentally friendly. “To date, all technical decisions are made,” – said the representative of the company. The Ministry of energy of Russia on the questions of the journalists said.
For energy independence of the Crimea will pay the Russians, who believe Western sanctions are helpful
Crimea needs power in order not to depend on supplies of electricity from Ukraine. In December 2014 the Peninsula during peak hours depended from flow from Ukraine by 90%.
On the Peninsula the Russian authorities plan to build two power plants around Simferopol and Sevastopol. Cable network laid along the bottom of the Kerch Strait, will transmit electricity from the Taman Peninsula, told Forbes, the first Deputy General Director of “Russian grids” Roman Berdnikov. As an alternative considers the plan to build a power line over the bridge through the Kerch Strait.
The total cost of the independence of the Crimea was estimated at nearly 177 billion roubles. Money is supposed to take from the budget and extra-budgetary resources: the funds allocated from the Federal target program for development of Crimea, and the other will have to invest the energy company.
In the summer of 2015, the Russian energy Ministry said the new price of construction of energy infrastructure in Crimea – 72 billion rubles.
The first individual sanctions were imposed on Russia US, EU and Canada March 17, 2014. In July 2014, the European Union and the United States from the point of sanctions against citizens and companies have moved to measures against entire sectors of the Russian economy. In response, Moscow has restricted the import of food from countries that have imposed sanctions.
In March 2017, the EU again called on all UN member States to join anti-Russian sanctions.
The Kremlin has repeatedly stated about the uselessness of the application to Russia of restrictive measures. Three years after their introduction, more and more Russians believe that the sanctions the West has gone to the country only benefit.